• ISSN: 2301-3567
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOEBM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Eunjin Hwang
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JOEBM 2014 Vol.2(4): 251-256 ISSN: 2301-3567
DOI: 10.7763/JOEBM.2014.V2.134

Patterns in Psychostimulant Use for ADHD across Two Australian Jurisdictions (2000-2011)

Brenton J. Prosser, Robert C. Reid, and Matthew C. Lambert
Abstract—Objective: The aim of this study is to compare archival data on psychostimulant prescriptions for youth aged birth to 18 years in two Australian jurisdictions since 2000. Methods: a person-based data set was used to assess: (i) growth in new prescriptions; (ii) male: female ratios; (iii) mean start age; (iv) mean durations of use. Results: A previous study of 7,489 youths in South Australia was compared with a study of 69,944 youths in New South Wales to find: (i) a steady increase in new prescriptions; (ii) a decline in male: female ratios; (iii) opposing trends in mean start ages; and (iv) convergence in mean durations of use around 2.0 years. Conclusions: Australia appears to be following the United States in trends of psychostimulant use for ADHD and more research is needed into specific patterns in duration of use, as well as if similar barriers to accessing multi-modal support are being experienced.

Index Terms—Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, demographics, duration, psychostimulant use.

B. J. Prosser is with the Centre for Research and Action in Public Health at the University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT 2601 Australia (e-mail: Brenton.Prosser@canberra.edu.au).
R. C. Reid is with the Faculty of Special Education and Communication Disorders at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583-0738 USA (email: rreid2@unl.edu).
M. C. Lambert is with Special Education and Communication Disorders at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583-0738 USA (e-mail: matthew.lambert@unl.edu).

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Cite: Brenton J. Prosser, Robert C. Reid, and Matthew C. Lambert, "Patterns in Psychostimulant Use for ADHD across Two Australian Jurisdictions (2000-2011)," Journal of Economics, Business and Management vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 251-256, 2014.

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