• ISSN: 2301-3567
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOEBM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Eunjin Hwang
    • Executive Editor: Ms Jessica C. Xiao
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: DOAJ, Engineering & Technology Library,  Electronic Journals Library, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, MESLibrary, Google Scholar, Crossref, and ProQuest.
    • E-mail: joebm@ejournal.net
JOEBM 2015 Vol.3(2): 207-211 ISSN: 2301-3567
DOI: 10.7763/JOEBM.2015.V3.181

Cost Effectiveness of Harm Reduction: Comparison Needle and Syringe Exchange Programme

Sharifah Fadzlon Abdul Hamid, Normah Omar, Suzana Sulaiman, Wee Shu Hui, and Rusli Ismail
Abstract—The increasing cases of HIV/AIDs among the women and infants transmitted from the drug abuser through sharing of needles and unsafe sex had forced the Ministry of Health to initiate harm reduction programmes. A group of researchers from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) administered two harm reduction programmes: needle & syringe exchange programme (NSEP) and the methadone maintenance programme (MMT). The two programmes were conducted for patients at a local NGO and a public hospital in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. The efforts were not received favourably by many people because it involves the use of public funds. As accounting professionals, the first three authors were invited by USM researchers to review of the costs effectiveness of the programmes. Basically, the drug users who participated in these programmes are mostly youths and young adults who are at their prime age. In this paper the authors discuss the cost effectiveness of the NSEP and MMT intervention programmes. The paper also looks into the quality of life of the clients/patients.

Index Terms—Effectiveness of harm reduction, methadone maintenance therapy (MMT), needle and syringe exchange programme (NSEP), Quality of life.

Sharifah Fadzlon Abdul Hamid, Normah Omar, Suzana Sulaiman, and Wee Shu Hui are with the Accounting Research Institute and Faculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia (e-mail: shari355@salam.uitm.edu.my, normah645@salam.uitm.edu.my)
Rusli Ismail is with the University Malaya, Malaysia.

[PDF]

Cite: Sharifah Fadzlon Abdul Hamid, Normah Omar, Suzana Sulaiman, Wee Shu Hui, and Rusli Ismail, "Cost Effectiveness of Harm Reduction: Comparison Needle and Syringe Exchange Programme," Journal of Economics, Business and Management vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 207-211, 2015.

Copyright © 2008-2015. Journal of Economics, Business and Management. All rights reserved.
E-mail: joebm@ejournal.net