— The research problem discussed in the paper is the innovativeness of health tourism. The aim of the study is to identify the specifics of the health tourism innovation systems. The article proposes the concepts of the innovation systems based on a literature review. The theory is confronted with the results of experts and empirical research. The Delphi research were conducted in 2015 with 12 experts participation. The quantitative study was conducted in 2016 on a group of 461 respondents represented by services of health tourism in Poland. The following methods were used: Delphi, a questionnaire, a standardized interview and the ranking method. The research confirmed the proposed concept and showed a relatively small role of more complicated innovation systems (non-linear), such as: open and user driven innovation (UDI). The paper is novel in character, since to date the innovations occurring in health tourism have not been classified and there is no described systems of this innovativeness. The paper fills this gap in both the theory and practice.
— Health tourism, innovation, system, tourism.
E. Szymańska is with the Bialystok University of Technology, 15-351 Bialystok, Wiejska str. 45A, Poland (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Elżbieta Szymańska, " Innovation Systems in Health Tourism," Journal of Economics, Business and Management vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-5, 2017.