• ISSN: 2301-3567
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOEBM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Eunjin Hwang
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Chloe Wu
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JOEBM 2017 Vol.5(10): 324-330 ISSN: 2301-3567
DOI: 10.18178/joebm.2017.5.10.533

Gender: A Vulnerability Factor or Not? Exploring and Investigating Workplace Bullying in Nigeria

Oluwakemi Adewumi and Rosemary Danesi
Abstract— Workplace bullying as a concept, to a large extent, has generated a lot of debate and there has been no general agreement on the definition of workplace bullying. This study aims at exploring and analyzing the role that gender categorization plays in bullying relations. That is, the significance of gender in explaining employees’ exposure to workplace bullying, the forms of bullying behaviors and comparing women’s exposure to workplace bullying to men. The rationale for investigating gender is explained using the theory of Social Identity as a theoretical background. This study relates to how being a minority or dominant gender group within the organisation can be a vulnerability factor or the reason why a particular gender is more exposed to bullying in the workplace than the other. This paper is based on empirical investigation conducted on 650 employees across various institutions and sectors in Nigeria. A test of significance differences is used to investigate the relationship between gender and negative behaviors. The analysis revealed that both male and female experience various forms of bullying, and there is no significant difference between male and female respondents in terms of their exposure to bullying. That is, both genders are equally exposed to bullying in the workplace. Thus, this paper concludes by recommending that any form of workplace bullying should be completely eschewed and discouraged.

Index Terms— Workplace bullying, gender, male, female, negative act questionnaire.

Oluwakemi Adewumi and Rosemary Danesi are with University of Lagos, Nigeria (e-mail: oaadewumi@unilag.edu.ng, rdanesi@unilag.edu.ng).

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Cite: Oluwakemi Adewumi and Rosemary Danesi, " Gender: A Vulnerability Factor or Not? Exploring and Investigating Workplace Bullying in Nigeria," Journal of Economics, Business and Management vol. 5, no.10, pp. 324-330 , 2017.

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