• ISSN: 2301-3567
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Monthly (2015-2017); Quarterly (Since 2018)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOEBM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Eunjin Hwang
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Mia Hu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing:  Electronic Journals Library, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, MESLibrary, Google Scholar, Crossref, and ProQuest.
    • E-mail: joebm@ejournal.net
JOEBM 2018 Vol.6(1): 13-16 ISSN: 2301-3567
DOI: 10.18178/joebm.2018.6.1.544

Strengthening Social Capital: Role of Non-State

Shoaib Nasir, Muhammad Luqman, and Muhammad Yaseen
Abstract— In combating against poverty, social capital plays an important role especially in countries where high degree of socio-economic inequalities exist. There is a dire need to develop strong linkages between non-profit organizations and other stakeholders at different levels in order to increase social capital of resource poor rural people. Pakistan is also included in the list of countries where weak social capital is being observed. In strengthening social capital non-state institutions are playing significant role especially in highlands of Pakistan. With this background the present research was designed to assess the role of non-state institutions in strengthening social capital. Data were collected from three different sites of District Mansehra of Hazara region of Pakistan. The results showed high social capital in site A, as compared to site B and C. Weak organizational linkages in terms of horizontal and vertical terms were found in all the three sites. It was found that people with low level of financial capital (generally referred to as poor) possess low level of social capital as compared to people with high and medium level of financial capital (generally referred to as better off and well off). It was observed that the efficiency of local traditional groups is significant than registered development oriented organizations. The rationale behind this understanding was due to their working within the framework of local culture and representation of actual and real needs of the community members. Volunteers also played an important role in building social capital especially for poor people by devoting a significant portion of their time.

Index Terms— Social linkages/interactions, financial capital, non-state actors.

Shoaib Nasir is with College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan(e-mail: shoaibnasir15@yahoo.com, Shoaib.nasir@uos.edu.pk). Muhammad Luqman and Muhammad Yaseen are with College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan (e-mail: yaseen99pk@hotmail.com, m.luqman@uos.edu.pk).

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Cite: Shoaib Nasir, Muhammad Luqman, and Muhammad Yaseen, " Strengthening Social Capital: Role of Non-State Institutions in Highlands of Pakistan," Journal of Economics, Business and Management vol. 6, no.1, pp. 13-16, 2018.

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