• ISSN: 2301-3567 (Print), 2972-3981 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: J. Econ. Bus. Manag.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOEBM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Eunjin Hwang
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Fiona Chu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing:  CNKIGoogle ScholarCrossref
    • E-mail: joebm.editor@gmail.com
JOEBM 2022 Vol.10(3): 210-219 ISSN: 2301-3567
DOI: 10.18178/joebm.2022.10.3.701

Logistics and Transportation in Brazilian Agribusiness: The Flow of Grain Production

Rodrigo D. Soliani

Abstract—Soy and corn are the most representative crops in national agricultural production. Logistics activities are directly related to the competitiveness of agricultural commodities on the foreign market, so that the favorable characteristics of the productive segment only become competitive advantages for the country if there is an efficient logistics system. In this sense, the present study aimed to investigate transportation in the context of Brazilian agribusiness, focusing on the soy and corn production chains. Thus, from a bibliographic search and interviews conducted with executives from the logistics sector, the investigation was oriented to identify and analyze the main logistical aspects related to the flow of Brazilian grain production. For agricultural commodities, logistical costs have a greater influence on competitiveness, as they are goods with low added value and are generally transported in large volumes. This fact makes the waterway and railway modes more appropriate for the transportation of these products, due to the ability to move large volumes while consuming little fuel, that is, greater energy and economic efficiency in long distance journeys. Among the main aspects of infrastructure and operation identified, the poor state of repair of the Brazilian road network stands out, with only 12.4% of its roads paved; the low density of the tracks of the railroad and waterway systems when compared to other countries; the small participation of waterways (20%) and railways (15%) in the national transport matrix; and the greater use of Arco Norte in the flow of production. In order to be able to monitor the development of its agricultural production, the country needs to invest relatively more in the structuring logistics infrastructure, destined to rail, waterway and cabotage services, and to increase the productivity of the existing assets.

Index Terms—Agribusiness, transportation, logistics management, transportation costs, agricultural commodities.

Rodrigo D. Soliani is with Federal Institute of Acre (IFAC) / Management and Business Department, Rio Branco/AC, Brazil (e-mail: rodrigo.soliani@ifac.edu.br).

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Cite:Rodrigo D. Soliani, "Logistics and Transportation in Brazilian Agribusiness: The Flow of Grain Production," Journal of Economics, Business and Management vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 210-219, 2022.

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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