• ISSN: 2301-3567 (Print), 2972-3981 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: J. Econ. Bus. Manag.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOEBM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Eunjin Hwang
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Fiona Chu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing:  CNKIGoogle ScholarCrossref
    • E-mail: joebm.editor@gmail.com
JOEBM 2024 Vol.12(2): 169-175
DOI: 10.18178/joebm.2024.12.2.792

Measuring Trade Facilitation in ASEAN and Its Effects on China-ASEAN Cross-border E-commerce Exports

Xiaowei Bai 1 and Qianyu Wang 2
1. School of Economics and Management, North China University of Technology, Beijing 100144, China
2. Tongzhou District Federation of Trade Unions of Beijing Municipality, Beijing 101100, China
Email: baixiaowei@ncut.edu.cn (X.W.B.)
*Corresponding author

Manuscript received July 20, 2023; revised August 17, 2023; accepted September 3, 2023; published May 9, 2024.

 Abstract—This paper first establishes an evaluation system consisting of 11 indicators in 3 dimensions and applies the entropy weight method to measure the trade facilitation level of ASEAN countries. Results demonstrate a substantial gap in the level of trade facilitation among ASEAN countries. The paper then analyzes the impact mechanism of trade facilitation on cross-border e-commerce and conducts an empirical analysis using an extended gravity model with data from 2006 to 2020. The study finds that an improvement in trade facilitation in ASEAN will boost China-ASEAN cross-border e-commerce exports. However, the impact of various indicators of trade facilitation differs, with the infrastructure environment and customs environment having a significant positive effect on China-ASEAN cross-border e-commerce exports, while the impact of the policy environment is not significant. Finally, the paper provides recommendations for ASEAN to enhance the development of cross-border e-commerce between China and ASEAN, including ways to improve the level of trade facilitation.

Keywords—trade facilitation, cross-border e-commerce, China-ASEAN, gravity model

Cite: Xiaowei Bai and Qianyu Wang, "Measuring Trade Facilitation in ASEAN and Its Effects on China-ASEAN Cross-border E-commerce Exports," Journal of Economics, Business and Management, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 169-175, 2024.

Copyright © 2024 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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