• ISSN: 2301-3567
    • Frequency: Quarterly (2013-2014); Monthly (Since 2015)
    • DOI: 10.18178/JOEBM
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Eunjin Hwang
    • Executive Editor: Ms Jessica C. Xiao
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Engineering & Technology Library,  Electronic Journals Library, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, MESLibrary, Google Scholar, Crossref, and ProQuest.
    • E-mail: joebm@ejournal.net
JOEBM 2015 Vol.3(7): 678-682 ISSN: 2301-3567
DOI: 10.7763/JOEBM.2015.V3.265

An Examination on the Determinants of Inflation

Yen Chee Lim and Siok Kun Sek
Abstract—This paper examines factors affecting inflation in two groups of countries (high inflation group and low inflation group) using annual data from 1970 to 2011. An Error Correction Model based on the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) modeling has been used to explain the short run and long run impacts of each variable on inflation. The results respectively indicate that GDP growth and imports of goods and services have the significant long run impact on inflation in low inflation countries. Results also indicate that money supply, national expenditure and GDP growth are the determinants of inflation which impose long run impact on inflation in high inflation countries. In the short run likewise, none of the variables is found to be significant determinants in high inflation countries. However money supply, imports of goods and services and GDP growth has significant relationship with inflation in low inflation countries.

Index Terms—About ARDL model, dynamic panel data, GDP growth, inflation, long-run coefficient.

The authors are with the School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia (e-mail: yencheelim@yahoo.com, sksek@usm.my)

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Cite: Yen Chee Lim and Siok Kun Sek, "An Examination on the Determinants of Inflation," Journal of Economics, Business and Management vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 678-682, 2015.

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